Nearly 200 countries have pledged to protect 30% of the planet’s oceans and land.

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Nearly 200 countries possess this designation. agreed To protect 30% of Earth’s lands & oceans by 2030. The deal After two weeks of negotiations, a deal was reached at the UN Biodiversity Conference in Montreal (COP15) early this morning. Only the Vatican and the USA were objections to the deal, but the Biden administration has made it a reality. domestic plan By 2030, to save 30% of US land & water.

Each country involved in the agreement agrees to meet more than 20 environmental targets by end of decade. One of the key conditions is the 30×30 plan which will protect at least 30% of land, inland water, and coastal areas by 2030. This is the foundation of an international agreement that is similar to the 2015 Paris climate accord.

In addition to protecting habitats, countries have committed to reducing pesticide risk by 50%, nutrient runoff from farms, and the rate that invasive species are introduced into ecosystems.

Now, nations have eight years to prevent the loss of biodiversity caused by human activities like species exploitation, rainforest destruction and pollution. Like the biodiversity targets at Aichi in Japan in 2010, previous agreements saw countries fail to meet the set goals. This time, however, there’s an effective monitoring system to keep track.

Apart from protecting endangered species, draft COP15 agreement Encourages countries to respect and recognize the rights of indigenous peoples, local communities, and their traditional territories. However, Amnesty International The deal didn’t recognize indigenous lands and territories as a distinct category of conservation area, according to the writer.

A second point of contention was over funding. According to a report by the International Poaching Watch, countries in South America, Africa, and Africa that have the largest rainforests on earth wanted to be assured that money will be provided to them to fight poaching and illegal forest destruction. The Washington Post.

At one point during negotiations, representatives from developing countries quit talks about funding issues. Susana Muhamad (Columbia’s environmental minister) stated that the agreement must “align resources and the ambitions.” The Democratic Republic of Congo’s environment minister, Ève Bazaiba, added that “when it comes to fauna, we need to have the means to achieve this objective.”

After a groundbreaking deal at The Conference of Parties, the COP15 agreement was reached. COP27 climate conferenceApproving a climate damage funding fund for developing countries. It remains to be seen how well the plan is implemented. “While agreements are great, if we’re going to save life on Earth, now we have to roll up our sleeves and do it,” the Center for Biological Diversity’s Tanya Sanerib wrote. “The planet is facing an extinction crisis unlike any ever witnessed by humanity, with 28% of all species on the planet at risk.

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