In early January the sports activities world was rocked by the information that skilled wrestler Jay Briscoe had died on the age of 38. Briscoe was concerned in a automobile accident, however his dying was simply the newest on a protracted checklist of wrestlers who have lost their lives prematurely. This is every little thing you should learn about this unhappy development:
What number of wrestlers have died prematurely?
There isn’t any exhaustive checklist of those that have died. However we do know that skilled wrestlers die at a better charge than the final inhabitants — a a lot increased charge. A 2014 examine from FiveThirtyEight discovered that in individuals aged 50 to 55, the actuarial dying charge was simply over 5 p.c. Amongst former World Wrestling Federation (WWF) athletes, although, the dying charge was 20 p.c. A spike was additionally seen in these even youthful. Amongst individuals aged 40 to 45, FiveThirtyEight calculated the actuarial dying charge to be underneath 5 p.c, in comparison with simply over 15 p.c for wrestlers.
There’s a web site, Wrestlerdeaths.com, that tracks wrestler deaths, and is up to date depressingly usually. The location’s full checklist of deceased wrestlers numbers greater than 2,000, and over 480 of these entries died underneath the age of fifty. Amongst those that died this younger are large superstars comparable to Andre the Large, Bam Bam Bigelow, Chris Benoit, Eddie Guerrero, and Yokozuna. Many feminine wrestlers are additionally on the checklist, together with Bertha Faye, Chyna, Marianna Komlos, Luna Vachon, and Hana Kimura, the latter of whom took her personal life in 2020 when she was simply 22.
Why achieve this many die so younger?
A mixture of elements contribute, together with the physicality of wrestling mixed with the hectic life-style that comes with the game. Based on Salon, “Causes of dying for wrestlers are likely to focus on suicide, drug overdose, or coronary heart assaults. Concussions or traumatic mind harm are additionally commonplace.”
Wrestling is usually a solo sport, leaving athletes to stay a lonely life on the street. Mix this with the “rollercoaster of celeb” that comes with wrestling, and “medication are sometimes an alternative choice to the sentiments of adoration and esteem which have lengthy since handed,” Salon reported.
One other issue contributing to wrestler deaths is steroid use, Esquire famous. Many wrestlers flip to steroids to maintain them going all year long, as wrestling, in contrast to different sports activities, has no true offseason. Because of this, “they depend on tablets and different substances to uninteresting lingering ache, and wrestling is much less regulated than different professional sports activities and steroids grew to become a part of the tradition.”
Is that this development distinctive among the many sports activities world?
The dying charge amongst wrestlers dramatically outpaces these amongst all of the opposite skilled sports activities leagues — the NFL, NHL, NBA, and MLB. That is to not say that athletes in different sports activities do not die younger, however the statistics in comparison with wrestling are simply nowhere shut.
One purpose for this, as a segment on HBO’s Last Week Tonight with John Oliver identified, is that World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE), the successor to the WWF and America’s largest wrestling conglomerate, classifies its wrestlers as “unbiased contractors” and never staff, regardless that they’re signed to WWE solely.
This permits the WWE to get round a number of the necessities that participant’s associations and unions in different sports activities sometimes mandate. Treating their wrestlers as independents means the WWE doesn’t have to offer many fundamental advantages, Final Week Tonight famous — together with medical insurance.
Some insurance coverage may be purchased individually, one thing star wrestlers who make hundreds of thousands can afford. Moreover, as Bleacher Report quipped, “Many wrestlers on the market are married. What, are they instantly not on their spouse’s or husband’s plan?” Nevertheless, for wrestlers who aren’t married, or make much less cash, insurance coverage could merely not be an choice.
Whereas the WWE does not insure its greatest stars, it does present insurance coverage for workers on its company aspect. The company’s career website states, “WWE is proud to supply aggressive worker compensation and advantages together with an thrilling number of well being and wellness initiatives.”
Is something being executed?
The WWE has taken some steps lately to try to mitigate the dangers related to wrestling. It provides a Talent Wellness Program, “administered independently by world-renowned medical professionals and contains cardiovascular testing, ImPACT, testing for mind perform, substance abuse and drug testing, annual physicals, and well being care referrals.”
However the firm has additionally put a number of the blame on the wrestlers themselves. “Sadly, some previous performers have been a part of a era of wrestlers who made unhealthy and poor private life-style decisions, which in some circumstances continued past their years within the ring,” a WWE spokesperson advised BBC News in 2015. “At this time’s athletes take nice pleasure and private accountability for his or her total well being and well-being.”
The spokesperson additionally famous that at the moment’s wrestlers are topic to random drug testing.
Melissa Anderson, knowledgeable wrestler, mentioned she has began seeing a distinction in the best way untimely deaths are dealt with within the business, significantly amongst girls. “When one thing like that occurs, it simply spikes an consciousness and severe conversations begin taking place in all the locker rooms,” Anderson advised USA Today. “The conversations have undoubtedly been extra severe so far as being extra supportive towards one another and looking for one another.”